The NHS estimate that 8 out of 10 people suffer back pain at some time. There are various types of back pain: 

 

Lower Back (Lumbar Spine) 

Non- Specific Low Back Pain
Lower back pain is felt in the area between the bottom of the ribcage and the top of the legs. It’s the most common type of back pain. Symptoms range from tension and stiffness to pain and soreness. 

Sciatica
Sciatica is pain caused by irritation or compression of the sciatic nerve. The sciatic nerve is the longest nerve in your body, and runs from the back of your pelvis, through your buttocks and down both legs, ending at your feet. 

Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD)
This condition affects the disc that sits between the spinal bones. It occurs when the amount fluid in the disc is reduced, making the disc less supple than it used to be. Chemicals within the disc can be released and stimulate the nerve endings which send signals up to the brain that promotes a painful response in the back. Pilates and Exercise have been shown to be one of the most effective forms of reducing pain and managing the condition. 

Slipped Disc
This condition occurs when the fluid filled centre of the intervertebral disc pushes out the back of the disc, through small tears that occur in the stiff outer rings of the disc. In severe cases, the disc can press on nerves that pass into the legs. Pain is present when chemicals from inflammation stimulate the nerve endings that pass up to the brain, producing a painful response in the lower back, and sometimes into the legs. Physiotherapy, Pilates and Acupuncture can help to relieve pain, improve movement and regain function. 

 

Mid Back (Thoracic Spine) 

Upper and middle back pain (Thoracic Spine)
The upper and middle back is the section of the back between the base of the neck and the bottom of the ribcage. Pain in this area is less common than neck or lower back pain. Like many other types of back pain, upper and middle back pain can range from aching and stiffness to a sharp or burning sensation.

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